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Land and Land Reforms
The origin of Land & Land Reforms Department is to be traced back to the setting of Board of Revenue by British Rulers for consolidating and stabilizing revenue collection establishment and machinery in accordance with 'permanent settlement' enacted under Regulation I of 1793 in order to maximize revenue collection from land for fulfilling British Colonial interest. With the independence of India stress was quite logically shifted from the concept of revenue administration to welfare administration. In conformity with the change of concept, the Department which was before independence named as Land & Land Revenue Department, after passing quite a long period as Department of Utilization & Reforms and Land & Land Revenue, ultimately became Land & Land Reforms Department reflecting the priorities of the State.

Land reform is a concept of independent India. The planners of free India were conscious about the immediate need to relieve the farmers toiling under the yoke of some sort of zamindars; with these were the crying need of ensuring food security and supply of agricultural items for meeting up demands of the newly set up agri-based industries in free India. Enhancing agricultural production for creating surplus to be invested in the industry was too of great importance. Administering of social justice demanded that land must not be in the hands of a few and should be distributed judiciously amongst the landless.

As a first step towards land reforms, Estate Acquisition Act was enacted in 1953 abolishing zamindari system. Then it was necessary to consider the matter of ceiling on holdings, distribute vested land amongst the landless, to create economic holdings, reducing rents, stopping routing out of tenants and bargadars, giving ownership right to tenants, stopping hidden tenancy and some other anomalous system. To address this burning issue West Bengal Government in 1955 enacted Land Reforms Act.

Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation
The influx of refugee from erstwhile East Pakistan is a major crisis in Indian history. The trickle started in 1946, gathered momentum and became a deluge after the partition of the country. In 1964 there was again large influx followed by a massive exodus in 1971. An estimated 58 lakhs refugees came to India by 1971, excluding those who came earlier and stayed on.The census figures of 1971 show the population of displaced persons in the state at nearly 60 lakhs as reported to the planning commission in 1974 by the Govt. of West Bengal.According to the R.R. Committee Report, the number was assessed at 80 lakhs in 1981. The District and Sub-Divisional Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation Offices were set up in the past to cope with the sudden influx of refugee from erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). With the passage of time, endeavours were made to place the District and Sub-Divisional level set ups on a firm basis.


Mamata Banerjee

Address:Nabanna, 14th Floor, 325,
Sarat Chatterjee Road, Mandirtala,
Shibpur, Howrah- 711102
Phone: 2214-5555,2214-3101
Fax: 2214-3528

Minister of State

Smt Chandrima Bhattacharya

Address: Prani Sampad Bhavan,
LB-2, Sector-III, Salt Lake
City, Kolkata-700098
Phone: 2335-1144
Fax: 2335-1130

Principal Secretary

Shri Manoj Pant, IAS

Address:Nabanna, 6th Floor, 325,
Sarat Chatterjee Road, Mandirtala,
Shibpur, Howrah- 711102
Phone: 22144022
Fax: 2214-3267

Nodal Officer

Sri Sabuj Baran Sarkar, Additional Director of Land Records and Survey & Ex Officio Joint Secretary (Land and Land Reforms),
Sri British Chandra Barman, Commissioner,I.A.S (Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation)

Address: Director of Land Records
and Service,35, Survey Building,
Gopal Nagar Road, Kolkata–700027
(Land and Land Reforms), 16 A
Brabourne Road, 3rd Floor Kol-01
(Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation)
Phone: 2253- 5092, 6302, 2253-5144 (Land and Land Reforms),
2235 1580 (Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation) Fax: 2214 -4703 (Land and Land Reforms),
2235 0299 (Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation)
Email: , (Land and Land Reforms), (Refugee Relief and Rehabilitation)
Last updated on: Mon, 7 Aug 2017
Information Source: Nodal Officer, Department of Land and Land Reforms, Government of West Bengal
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